The 500-year Great Migration of the Anishnaabeg is one of the defining elements of Ojibway Culture. Traveling from the Atlantic seaboard via the St. Lawrence Seaway, the Anishnaabeg journeyed westward through the Great Lakes and along the southern shores of Lake Superior, known as Gichigami, or “Big Water” in the Ojibway tongue. This project aims to explore the historic and contemporary significance of this extraordinary migration within the Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore through the written and oral traditions of the Anishnaabeg, who historically journeyed and dwelt along this route, and whose descendants continue to live throughout the Upper Peninsula and beyond.

Tracing The Trail:

The Pictured Rocks Segment of the Anishnaabeg Migration Route

National Park Service

Department of the Interior

N8391 Sand Point Road,

P.O. Box 40

Munising, MI  49862

Alex K. Ruuska, Ph.D.

Northern Michigan University

Phone: 906-227-2030

Fax: 906-227-1212 

“Before [the Europeans] even came, there were prophets who had a vision that told the people, You need to move west, or you will die.”

- Anishnaabeg Elder


Cowrie Shell. Courtesy of Emma Wuepper.

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